in the United States there are large forests where the cutting of trees takes place. For this reason it is very easy to find this material. Wood is also easy to work, repair and cheap
Timber framing, historically called a braced frame, was the most common method of building wooden buildings in America from the 17th-century European settlements until the early 20th century when timber framing was replaced by balloon framing and then platform framing in houses and what was called plank or "joist" framing in barns. The framing in barns is usually visible, but in houses is usually covered with the siding material on the outside and plaster or drywall on the inside. Variations of timber framing are described based on their nature at the foundation, sill plate, wall, wall plate, and roof.
Log building :
Log building is the second most common type of carpentry in American history. In some regions and periods it was more common than timber framing. There are many different styles of log carpentry: where the logs are made into squared beams and fitted tightly. This style is typical of defensive structures called a blockhouse. The walls needed to be thick and strong and not have gaps in-between; Round logs are left spaced apart, often with the gaps filled with a material called chinking; Planked log buildings have the wall timbers shaped into rectangular thus called planks and plank houses.
Balloon framing originated in the American Mid-west near Chicago in the 1830s. It is a rare type of American historic carpentry which was exported from America. Balloon framing is very important in history as the beginning of the transition away from the centuries-long method of timber framing to the common types of wood framing now in use.
As everything around the world the wooden house construction has change through the years , trying to find different techniques to build a house, always trying to speeding the house construction, getting the best quality materials and always trying to build a safe house .